What are the Applications of Computer?
Applications of Computers refer to the various ways in which computers are used in different fields and industries to solve problems, automate tasks, and improve efficiency.
These applications may include software programs, systems, and devices that utilize computer technology to achieve specific objectives.
The applications of computer technology are widespread and diverse, ranging from business and finance to healthcare, education, entertainment, and beyond. Overall, the applications of computers have revolutionized the way we work, communicate, and live our lives, making many tasks faster, easier, and more accurate than ever before.
Applications of Computer
The applications of computer technology are diverse and far-reaching, impacting virtually every aspect of modern society. From business and finance to healthcare, education, entertainment, and beyond, computers are used in a wide range of applications to solve problems, automate tasks, and improve efficiency.
These are the industries where applications of computers are used:
Banks use computers for general-purpose computations, to maintain the ledger, to handle transactions, to make an entry in passbooks, to issue fixed deposit receipts, to provide online service to customers who want to perform bank transactions from home terminals, and to answer customers at bank terminals regarding their balance, etc.
For all these purposes there is a central computer (a server) that processes all the data from different terminal computers. These days banks also provide ATM (Automatic Teller Machine) service to customers. A customer with an ATM card can perform a cash transaction immediately with the ATM machine by inserting the card into it.
Home Based Workers
Now that it is easy to connect a computer at home to all of the computers at the office, more and more people are working at home. These telecomputers often work one or more days without the traditional commute. The same ability to communicate so easily makes home-based businesses easier to start and operate.
Producing finished business literature is one of the uses of computers in business. Using desktop publishing programs, or even sophisticated word processing programs, people can create sales letters, brochures, price lists, newsletters, and even book-length manuals.
Financial analysis is performed throughout the company, from top management to down. People can analyze investments, sales, expenses, markets, and other aspects of the business using both numbers and graphs.
Applications of Computers in Business
Many business companies, large or small use computers to help in the control of daily activities.
These are the following uses of applications of computers in business:
All organizations keep records of their employees. An employee record normally contains information such as name, address, telephone number, present job classification, date of start of employment, contract period, salary scale or rate of pay, allowances, deductions, salary paid to date, taxes deducted to date, etc.
Using a computer, it is a simple matter to store, retrieve and update information concerning employees. The most frequent use of an employee record is in payroll processing.
With the employee record, we have almost every information of an employee. Regarding the payroll the fields such as employee name, address, job classification, rate of pay, fixed allowances, fixed deductions etc., are important.
With different information such as the number of hours worked by each employee, fixed allowances, fixed deductions, etc., the gross pay is calculated.
An account receivable system keeps track of all money owed to the company by its customers. e.g., consider a department store that offers credit to selected customers. For each customer record is created which includes the date such as customer name, address, telephone number, occupation, credit limit, the amount owed by the customer, date of last purchase, date of last payment, etc.
The date of last purchase and date of last payment data items are used by the computer to determine the length of time for which the customer has owed money to the store. Based on this time a notice can be sent to the customer if he/she is too late to pay.
An accounts payable system keeps records of people to which the company owes money. These are usually the people who provide goods and services to the company. This system enables the company to schedule its payments in a way that is in the best interests of the company.
A stock control system enables a user to manage his stock more effectively. At the heart of the system is the file of stock items. For each item in stock, an ‘item record’ is created. Each item is assigned a unique identifier (usually a number). This number is used in all transactions to do with the item.
Applications of Computers in Industry
Computers have had a major impact on industries where products are designed and manufactured. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) is used to develop products. Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is used to produce them.
These are the uses of applications of computers in industry:
- Product Design
- Manufacturing and Production
- Quality Control and Inspection
- Logistics and Supply Chain Management
- Data Analysis and Optimization
Designing complicated products can require the efforts of thousands of people working together. This teamwork is greatly enhanced through the use of computerized design.
Manufacturing and Production
Computers play a vital role in modern manufacturing and production processes. Computer numerical control (CNC) machines use computer programs to control machining and cutting tools, while robotics and automation systems rely on computers to control and coordinate movements and tasks.
Quality Control and Inspection
Computers are used for quality control and inspection in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, and electronics. Automated inspection systems use computer vision and machine learning algorithms to identify defects and ensure quality standards are met.
Logistics and Supply Chain Management
Computers are used in logistics and supply chain management to track inventory, manage orders, and optimize transportation and delivery routes. This allows for better coordination and planning, reducing costs and improving efficiency.
Data Analysis and Optimization
Computers are used for data analysis and optimization in many industries, including finance, energy, and transportation. Advanced analytics tools and algorithms are used to process large amounts of data, identify patterns and trends, and optimize operations and processes.
Factory floors are becoming increasingly populated by computers used for many purposes including inventory control and planning and process control. Computers are also used to run robots that create, finish, assemble, and test products and their components.
Computer in Health Care
Computers in Health Care and Medical Field: Computers are widely used in hospitals to help doctors with diagnosis, getting information on patients, diseases, treatment, drugs, etc. They are also used in administration and in keeping patient records.
Doctors can get information from distant data banks and expert systems. They can discuss with colleagues using teleconferencing. Many devices take images and diagnose diseases. Examples are Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT), Position Emission Tomography (PET), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), etc.
These devices take pictures of the brain and help in the diagnosis of various kinds of diseases. There are a lot of computerized automatic medical equipment which help in the diagnosis of diseases such as CT scan machines, Eye testing machines, Ultrasonography equipment, etc.
Computer in Education
Computers have been used in schools since the first Apples were introduced in 1970. However, their impact was limited then because there were not enough computers and educational computer programming was poor.
As technology has advanced education, software has become a major influence at all levels from elementary schools to universities. The ability to connect computers and students together over a network such as the Internet opens up fantastic educational opportunities.
Research and Universities
Scientific and engineering design and research work involve complex and massive computations. In many cases, simulation is also required. Such complex computations are not possible by hand calculators. So, computers are a must for this type of work.
A typical library contains thousands of books, magazines, reports, and other documents which users may wish to borrow. A small library may have several hundred prospective borrowers, while the number of users of larger libraries can reach beyond thousands.
Maintaining records of books and borrowers is well suited to a computer system. Using a computer enables library personnel to answer queries about the status of books more easily than if a manual system was being used.
A computerized system also enables us to find out whether to issue books to the users or not. If the maximum limit of the book is already reached then that user will not get the book.
Computer in Engineering
Computer Applications in Engineering Education provides timely information on the innovative uses of computers and software tools in education, and for accelerating the integration of computers into the engineering curriculum.
In modern times, computers have a close connection with everyone, especially scientists and engineers. Computer programs can now solve difficult problems in a fraction of the time they used to take. Computer-aided engineering is a powerful tool and is necessary for engineering design and manufacture.
Nowadays, you no longer have to write your own software programs to use computers effectively. In chemical engineering, a lot of software is used in the process of chemical operation, like the software for the process of chemical engineering Proa! and Aspen, and Computational fluid dynamics software Fluent and CFX, and so on.
Computer in Graphics
Today, computers and computer-generated images touch many aspects of daily life. Computer graphics is found on television, in newspapers, for example, in weather reports, for example, in all kinds of medical investigation and surgical procedures.
The development of computer graphics has made computers easier to interact with and better for understanding and interpreting many types of data. Computer imagery has applications for film special effects, simulation, and training, games, medical imagery, flying logos, etc.
Although computer graphics is a vast field that encompasses almost any graphical aspect, it is mainly interested in the generation of images of three-dimensional scenes.
FAQs About Applications of Computer
What are examples of computer applications?
The following are examples of computer applications where used:
2. Home Based Workers
3. Desktop Publishing
4. Financial Analysis
7. Health Care
10. Graphics and Cinema etc.
What are the applications of computers in banking?
Computers have revolutionized the banking industry, offering a wide range of applications that help to improve efficiency, security, and customer service. Here are some examples of the applications of computers in banking:
1. Online Banking
3. Fraud Detection and Security
4. Customer Relationship Management
5. Risk Management and Compliance etc.
What are the applications of computers in business?
The following are applications of computers in business:
1. Accounting and Financial Management
2. Inventory Management
3. Customer Relationship Management
4. Marketing and Advertising
5. Human Resources.
What are the uses of computers in industry?
The following are uses of computers in industry:
1. Product Design
2. Manufacturing and Production
3. Quality Control and Inspection
4. Logistics and Supply Chain Management
5. Data Analysis and Optimization
What is the importance of computers in health care?
Computers have revolutionized the healthcare industry, offering a wide range of applications that help to improve patient care, treatment outcomes, and operational efficiency. Here are some examples of the uses of computers in healthcare:
1. Electronic Health Records
2. Medical Imaging
4. Medical Research
5. Medical Education and Training.
What is the use of computers in education?
The use of computers in education is:
1. Digital Learning
2. Collaborative Learning
3. Assessment and Grading
4. Educational Research
5. Learning Management Systems etc.